Writing Our Books of Life
Yom Kippur Morning 5774
Rabbi Jonathan Freirich
Shlomo Carlebach used to tell a version of this story:
you’re on the light rail in Uptown Charlotte, and you realize that your
soul-mate, your “beshert”, the one intended for you, and you for them,
is standing right next to you.
You are stunned, overcome with
both love and disbelief. Suddenly the doors open, and your beloved is
walking off the train car, into the world without you, and all you can
manage to ask is, “What’s your phone number?”
You hear an area code and a few digits, and then the doors close.
the train slides onward to the next stop, you madly dial every
combination that completes the phone number, with no success. You run to
the parking lot and get in your car, race back to the last station and
begin driving around, searching, frantic. You get more and more
desperate, fearing that you have lost this person forever, and begin
driving recklessly, starting and stopping, running red lights, hoping to
catch a glimpse of your beloved anywhere.
Before you know it, you get arrested, held overnight in jail, alone, and await your hearing.
You prepare for the moment of judgment, terrified. You know you have
done wrong, and have no real defense for it except that you were chasing
after your dearest love, from whom you had only received a few digits.
You enter the courtroom and look up to see that the judge is in fact
your soul mate, the one you had been chasing, the one whose absence made
you stray so far. Your soul mate says the words that change your life,
“I know that you’ve made mistakes. That doesn’t matter now. Right now, I
just want to be near you.”
[Thanks to Rabbi Lauren Grabelle Herman for leading me to that story.]
On Yom Kippur we imagine that we stand to be judged – before our
consciences, and before God. There is the great and awesome view – we
hold our selves up to high standards, and below a judge on very high. On
the other hand, God is also our nearest companion, our dearest love,
our consciences reside in the closest places of our minds and souls.
even on this day – perhaps especially on this day – we imagine that God
wants us to draw near. We approach God so that we can be understood by
someone who knows who we truly are. We stand in front of a judge who has
total understanding of our inner spirits, knowing that we are always
doing our best, even when we fall short.
We must closely examine our deepest and most hidden places. We must look at the stories of our lives.
stories that we tell about God help us tell our own stories. When we
talk about God, whom we can’t really know, we really talk about our
deepest senses of who we are at our cores, and how we are connected to
When we write a story about God, we begin to write our own stories.
get to edit these stories, update them, add new chapters to them, and
even rewrite them. The story about God and us helps us tell a better
story about us, and helps us write our own Books of Life.
once were two brothers – Adam and David. Their parents loved them very
much and wanted them to succeed in all that they did. Adam was the
oldest, and his parents fell in love with him right away. Adam’s mother
saw in him amazing physical skills. Adam climbed out of his crib on his
own, he walked earlier than all the other kids, he was fast on his feet,
quick with his hands, and strong. As he grew his mother always said,
“Adam, you are a great athlete.”
When David was born his
parents also fell in love with him right away. They noticed that he
looked around differently than Adam, and seemed interested in
investigating things more than moving them. They challenged him with
infant and toddler puzzles and introduced him to reading early on. He
showed a great love for taking things apart, and eventually for putting
them back together. David was handy with devices and a self-learner. As
he grew his parents would always say, “David, you are a great
When we define others, we change them. Even in
the smallest of ways. A recent study tested third graders of about the
same level. After being given an easy test, half were told that they did
well because they worked hard, and half were told that they did well
because they were smart. The students received a second more difficult
test, and the differences were amazing. The students who were told they
worked hard significantly out-performed the ones who were told they were
smart. When given a third even more difficult test, the hard worker
crowd did even better. When we think we are smart, we are more likely to
believe that we can do well easily, because it comes naturally, without
effort, and so we give up more quickly. When we think we are hard
workers, we will work harder believing that our efforts will pay off.
don’t want to be defined by others’ definitions no matter how lovingly
they give them. We want to hear them, be grateful for their advice and
their compliments, and then use those words as opportunities to write
our own stories. We can rework those defining words. David and Adam are
great at different things, and they can be great at other things too. We
can hear “you are a great scientist” and still go and do well in sales
or as an accountant. We can hear “you are a great athlete” and still go
and do well as a poet.
The heroes of our stories redefined
themselves all the time. Jacob started as a man of the tents, a bookish
person, and when he wanted to impress Rachel, he went and moved a stone
that normally took a whole group of shepherds to move. Joseph started
out as an obnoxious brat, flaunting his dreams about the future to his
brothers, and became a humble interpreter of dreams to Pharaoh, and then
saved all of Egypt, and his family, from famine. David started as a
shepherd, became a warrior who killed Goliath, and then a king.
rewrite our stories all the time. We will not be defined by others’
ideas. We are the people who persist even when no one believes that we
We are the authors of our own books of life.
As authors of our books, we have help with the words – the words of this season offer us writing tools.
We say: “L’shanah tovah” – for a good year.
We say: “G’mar chatimah tovah!” May we be finished for a good inscription in the Book of Life
And in our prayer book we ask: “Kotveinu b’sefer chayim tovim” – write us in the book of good life.
Isn’t this odd?
We could say: have a great year! May you be written for an excellent life! May you be awesomely inscribed!
Instead, we aim for good.
In this, we take the hint from the original author, from God.
Looking at creation over and over, we hear: “God saw that it was good.”
When God finished, and felt that all was thoroughly done well, the last
verse of Genesis, Chapter 1 (Gen. 1:31) says:
Now God saw all that God had made, and here: it was very good!
“Tov me’od” – very good is as good as it gets for God.
Yet we are so hard on ourselves.
Good is never good enough for us. Our standards are so high.
We want perfect.
wife Ginny used to listen to me compare myself to professional cyclists
and runners – “I’m not really doing well in this marathon, after all,
the ‘real’ runners beat me by almost two hours. I’m not even half the
runner that they are!” She reminded me that I’m a rabbi, who
occasionally runs marathons, not a marathon runner.
I’m sure that we all can think of times when we have held our selves up to unfairly high standards.
Zusya was one of our greatest rabbis, and he was upset. His students
gathered around him, concerned about his obvious anxiety and said,
“Rabbi Zusya, what troubles you?”
Rabbi Zusya eyed his students sadly and said, “I worry about how God will judge me”.
His students were shocked. “Master, how could you possibly be concerned? You are as great a teacher as Moses!”
Rabbi Zusya answered, “That may be. Still, when I go before the Judge
of judges, at my final reckoning, the question asked will not be, ‘Were
you as good as Moses?’ But, ‘Were you a good Zusya?’”
goal is to be good. We must aim to be a good representation of our inner
self, not some external standard, not some comparison to others.
should we aim for good and not perfect? Perfection is a trap – it is
beyond us, and unreasonable to even reach for. The world is filled with
opportunities for improvement, for doing better. Perfection is not of
this world. Those closest to it in our tradition, angels, don’t get the
same privileges as we do. Our place in this world is to aim for good,
our weaknesses, are our assets.
The Talmud tells a story (BT Shabbat 88a):
At the time that Moses went up to Heaven, the angels said to God:
“Master of the Universe, what is that son of a woman doing among us?”
God told them, “He has come to receive the Torah.”
The angels said to God, “The Torah, the most desired one, the one with
whom you created the world – now you are going to give her to flesh and
blood? What are humans that you should be mindful of them, and this
child of Adam that you should listen to him?”
God told Moses, “Answer them!”
Moses said to God, “O Ruler of the Universe, I am afraid that they will burn me with their breath!”
God told Moses, “Hold on to my Glorious Throne and respond to them!”
Moses said, “Ruler of the Universe – the Torah that you are giving me, what is written in it?”
“I am Adonai your God, Who took you out of Egypt…”
Moses said to the angels, “Did you go down to Egypt? Were you slaves to
Pharaoh? Why do you need the Torah? What else is written in it?”
God: “You shall not have any other gods before me!”
Moses: “Are you living among the heathen nations? What else is written in it?”
God: “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy!”
Moses: “Do you work that you have to cease? What else is written in it?”
God: “Do not take…”
Moses: “Do you give and take? What else is written in it?”
God: “Do not murder! Do not commit adultery! Do not steal!”
Moses: “Do you have envy? … Do you have an evil impulse?”
They immediately thanked God…right then every one became a fan of Moses and gave him a gift.
One of my teachers, Ari Elon, taught:
angels finally accept that the Torah was not for them but for human
beings in the real world, who have fathers and mothers, who work and
envy, and who struggle with evil impulses.
“The Torah is for
humanity, for human beings are the ones who can accept their weaknesses.
Those who see themselves as perfect and cannot accept their weaknesses
are angels who are not suited or able to fulfill the commandments of the
Let us work to improve because we accept with love
our imperfections. Let us embrace them as the reason we are here. Only
because we not perfect can we relate to the real world and work together
to make the world and us better.
We teach practices of
prayer and thought to help us review and revisit. The entire idea of
t’shuvah – returning to our deeds to make amends, with others, with
ourselves, and with God – asks us to engage in thoughtful and
compassionate reflection on our stories so that we can rewrite them for a
better new year.
Rabbi Dr. Donniel Hartman describes the process of t’shuvah:
ought to transcend the motivation of fear and instead be motivated by
an inner vision of our selves and who we believe we ought to be. This is
the idea of t’shuvah out of love. In this t’shuvah, memory still plays
an essential role but it ‘s no longer God’s memory, it’s our memories.
Rosh Hashana as [a day of remembrance] is not the day in which God
remembers but the day in which we are challenged to remember.
ability to change requires a leap of faith, a faith in our selves, that
we can begin anew, that who we were need not determine who we will be.
We need to free ourselves from our past, to delete it, so that a new
story, a new journey and a new person can emerge. To learn from the past
often entails getting stuck there. A healthy revolution needs to be
gradual but it also needs a moment of radical departure, a break, and
t’shuvah is nothing less than a personal revolution.”
personal revolution – a return to the past to edit our stories and write
new ones for the future – let us enter this new year as writers, let us
move from asking God to write us into the Book of Life, and instead
write our own books of life. And so we go from the passive object of
“kotveinu” – please God write us! – to the active “nichtov” – we will
We are the people of books – many books, not just one.
And these books are the ones we write about the People Israel, the ones
we carry on our backs, and they are the books we write about ourselves,
the libraries in our hearts.
Every year we come with here with our
books. As we seek to be written for the next year, so we seek to
rewrite. We come here as authors and editors, with laptops and red pens.
We reflect on what worked and what didn’t and we embrace the mistakes,
the imperfections, the weaknesses, as the gifts of a creation that is
good, that allows us the chance to improve and fulfill our roles as
works in progress.
As works in progress let us be compassionate to each other and our fragile souls.
As authors of our Books of Life, let us write good stories for the year to come.
Let us be our own creators, let us look at our work and say, this is very good.
us take this pause on Yom Kippur, the Sabbath of Sabbaths, to accept
our imperfections, and so make the improvements we need to make this
year a better year for us all.
We start these holy days here:
Kotveinu b’sefer chayim tovim – Please write us in the book of good life!
Let us finish them here:
Nichtov atzmeinu b’sefer chayim tovim – We will write ourselves in the book of good life!